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[67] Hudaybiyya: Brink of Mutiny

The Quraysh sent Suhayl ibn Amr to negotiate the Treaty of Hudaybiyya with Prophet Muhammad. Suhayl had a vested interest in the outcome since two of his sons had converted to Islam, one of whom he was keeping captive.

The Muslim masses were surprised by the treaty though, which they saw as an insult. Umar ibn Al-Khattab was particularly outraged, later saying that on that day he “doubted the Prophet’s prophethood like [he] had never doubted it before”

While on the surface the treaty looked like a setback, it set the stage for the Muslims’ eventual victory over Quraysh.

Lessons include:

– The importance of writing down agreements

– Importane of making concessions for the greater good (when they don’t violate Islamic values)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rqh2rS-Y4cQ&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[66] Hudaybiyya: The Prophet’s Emissaries

While camped outside Mecca at Hudaybiyya, the Prophet Muhammad sends an emissary into the city. The Quraysh kill his camel, and he’s barely allowed to leave.

The Prophet then tries to send Umar ibn Al-Khattab, but he refuses out of fear. Uthman, who had strong tribal ties with people in the city, is sent instead. However, he’s prevented from leaving for three days, and Muslims fear the worst

Given the shakiness of the Muslims, the Prophet is inspired to renew their pledge to him in The Pledge of Ridhwan, and many verse of the Quran are revealed in praise of those who would stick with that pledge

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BaDUZ8PRumQ&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[65] Treaty of Hudaybiyyah

Prophet Muhammad saw a dream of the Muslims entering the Ka’bah to worship, and he instructs his followers to begin preparations to go to Mecca. They would go in peace, without arms.

The call to go for this pilgrimage turns into an opportunity to expose more of the Munafiqeen as they make excuses to avoid the seemingly dangerous journey.

When the Quraysh get word of the Muslims arriving, they panic, fearing that allowing their enemies into the city would make the Meccans appear weak. While they negotiate with the Muslims, the friendly local tribe of Khuza’ah helps the Muslims settle in Hudaybiyyah and even advocates for them to teh Quraysh, reminding them of their oath to allow all pilgrims to the holy Kaba

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXkknql5HqY&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[64] Surah Munafiqun Revealed – Bani Mustaliq

The tribe of Bani Mustaliq were planning to launch a surprise attack against the Muslims, and rumor of it reached Prophet Muhammad. He sent a companion named Buraydah ibn al-Husayb to investigate. The rumor was confirmed.

This lecture covers:

– The attack Prophet Muhammad led in response

– The secret hypocrites who joined this battle

– The battle’s outcome

– The Prophet’s political marriage to Juwayriyya bint al-Harith, the daughter of Bani Mustaliq’s chief

– Prophet Muhammad’s response to munafiq Abdullah ibn Ubayy criticizing the Muhajireen during the return trip to Medina

– Allah revealing Surah Munafiqun to expose ibn Ubayy, and an explanation of the verses

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[63] Sa’d’s Burial & Marrying Zaynab bint Jahash

Sa’d was a very high ranking companion and a shaheed. Prophet Muhammad took much more care during his burial than he normally would, yet he still chided someone who said that he would go straight to heaven.

Lesson: If you have bad akhlaq, even the prophet cannot help you against the consequences

Later, Prophet Muhammad proposed Zaynab bint Jahash marry his adopted son and ex-slave Zayd ibn Haritha. When the couple was unable to get along and got a divorce, the Prophet married Zaynab instead.

This broke multiple societal taboos:

1) Making marriage between the upper class and lower class seem acceptable and

2) Showing that the rules between father/son relations do not apply to adopted sons.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-xWV9lPelWs&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[62] Khandaq: Bani Qurayzah’s Punishment – Pt 6

After Bani Qurayzah surrendered, the punishment for their betrayal had to be decided.

This lecture covers:

– The penalty set by Bani Qurayzah’s pre-Islamic ally, Sa’d ibn Mu’adh, and Prophet Muhammad’s reaction to it

– Why the punishment was so harsh

– How even Bani Qurayzah’s tribal custom at the time was to treat treachery with a similar punishment

– Rebutting claims that the punishment was driven by anti-semitism

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NBeT7uNIv_s&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[61] Khandaq: Seige of Bani Qurayzah – Pt 5

After the enemy coalition gave up and retreated from Medina, the Muslims had to deal with the Banu Qurayzah’s treachery during the seige.

This lecture covers:

– Events during the three weeks the Muslims beseiged Bani Qurayzah

– Options Bani Qurayzah considered in response

– Their attemps to find allies to support them during their surrender, who would be lenient despite their deadly betrayal

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1z8FvpXBhtw&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[60] Khandaq: Enemies Demoralized – Pt 4

Multiple factors came together to demoralize the Qurayshi coalition and got them to retreat, ending the battle:

– Imam Ali’s victory over Amr ibn al-Wadd – Shortage of food and fodder. They had prepared for quick battle, not a month-long seige – A violent storm that trashed the Qurayshi camp – Distrust sown between the kuffar and the jews by a secret convert – Some Arabs deciding they’d rather be ruled by Arab than by Jews, even of those Arabs are Muslims

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IL9k-WuTfFE&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[59] Khandaq: Under Seige – Pt 3

The Qurayshi army arrive in Medina and are stumped by the trench, and persuade the Jewish tribe of Banu Quraydha in Medina and convince them to betray their oath of neutrality

The Muslims stand vigilant day and night to defend the trench, even missing their obligatory prayers.

Surah 33, Al Ahzaab captures the tension, covering the hypocrites who exposed themselves when they saw the pagan army, and the believers who saw the army as confirmation of what Prophet Muhammad had said to them.

Amr ibn al-Wadd, a feared warrior, crosses over the trench and calls for one on one combat. Imam Ali ibn Talib is the only one who’s willing to answer and defeats him in combat.

Lessons: – Do not broadcast and sensationalize evil, even if it is true, unless there’s a benefit in making it public – Trust Allah and know that there is something positive in every difficulty and hardship

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VmsL_Ex8pxg&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[58] Khandaq: Digging the Trench – Pt 2

Prophet Muhammad led by example, digging the trench harder than anyone else. When Fatima cooked some bread and brought it to him, she learned that it was the first thing the prophet had eaten in three days.

During the digging, Imam Ali also dug relentlessly and the Prophet praised him saying “May my father be ransomed for the one who digs”, highlights Imam Ali’s high position in his the eyes. Prophet Muhammad never said this about any other companion.

When some companions uncovered a large rock that no one could move, Prophet Muhammad hit it with three miraculous strikes, shattering it.

At the end, Jabir ibn Abdullah al Ansari invited Prophet Muhammad to dinner. The prophet extended the invitation to the rest of the exhausted companions. Jabir worried the food would run short, but when the Prophet arrived at Jabir’s home he blessed the food and there ended up being enough to feed every guest.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pINIJqCUd_8&list=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com