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[42] Precursors to Uhud’

The events that occurred after the Battle of Badr, which led to the Battle of Uhud:

– The Expedition of Qarqarat Al-Kudr, where nomadic tribes started hostilities against the Muslims

– The Expedition of Sawiq, where Abu Sufyan led an assault against Medina

– The Qaradah Raid, where the Muslims raided a Meccan caravan

– The death of Uthman ibn Madh’un, one of the highest companions

– The death of Ruqayyah

– The assassination of Ka’b ibn Ashraf, a member of the Jewish tribe of Banu Nadhir, for treason (inciting Meccans to war against the Muslims)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oNR6pPMAOrk&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[41] Expulsion of Banu Qaynuqa’

While most Muslima and Jewish tribes in Medina were agriculture based, the Jewish tribe of Banu Qaynuqa consisted mainly of craftsmen and blacksmiths, making them highly militarized. The tax-free marketplace, along with the Muslim’s conflict with the Meccans (one of Banu Qaynuqa’s main customer base) threatened Banu Qaynuqa’s financial interests.

This led to Banu Qaynuqa violating the peace treaty they had agreed to in the Medinan Charter and secretly start colluding with the Meccans to incite hostilities against the Muslims.

Once Banu Qaynuqa began openly violating the peace treaty and began abetting the Muslim’s enemies, there was a stand off between them and the Muslims, which led to Banu Qaynuqa’s defeat and banishment.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7uJvnpFZu0s&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[40] Changing the Qiblah

How and why the qiblah was changed from Jersalem to the Kaaba:

– The Jewish tribes had been mocking Muslims for worshipping towards Jerusalem

– Quranic verses in Surah Baqarah explain why the Qiblah was changed

– Quran’s criticism of the people who had enmity in their hearts against Muslims.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-X3EWPhweE8&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[39] Prisoners of War

The immediate aftermath of the Battle of Badr, including:

– How the prisoners of war were treated after the battle

– Revelation of Surat al-Anfal, which included verses on warfare

– How the spoils were divided

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WKnJFE1IBM4&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[38] Battle of Badr: Victory

Warfare during Battle of Badr and the Muslim’s victory:

– The story of Umayr ibn Al-Humam, who longed for a martyrdom

– The two youth who killed Abu Jahl, and how they attacked him

– Abu Jahl’s arrogance even with his dying breaths

– Umayyah ibn Khalaf’s attempt to seek refuge once defeat was imminent

– Lessons taught after the battle

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UQaGD67IMDY&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[37] Battle of Badr: Opening Moves

The Battle of Badr begins:

– Prophet Muhammad tried to avoid hostilities, and some of the Quraysh wanted to avoid fighting as well. But Abu Jahl instigated the conflict forwards.

– Fighting began with three one on one skirmishes

– The miracle of the prophet throwing pebbles towards the Quraysh and blinding them

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7HBOwrzwf-k&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[36] Preparing for the Battle of Badr

The Quraysh set out with a huge army, intending to intimidate not just the Muslims but the rest of the Arabs as well.

This lecture includes:

– Quraysh leaders who were afraid of going to war

– Military tactics leveraged by the Propeht Muhammad before the battle

– Attributes needed to be a leader

– A miracle Allah sent to give the Muslims an advantage the night before the battle

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KPprgQ2qGjg&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[35] Prelude to the Battle of Badr

The Meccans wanted to bolster their military situation, not okay with the Prophet Muhammad simply relocating to Medina. The Meccans had invested heavily in a caravan led by Abu Sufyan which would let them build up their military.

Prophet Muhammad intended to intercept this caravan on it’s way back from Syria. However, Abu Sufyan discoveres this plan and devises a scheme to rile up the Meccans and push them to all out war against the Muslims.

This lecture includes:

– How Imam Ali got the kunya of Abu Turab

– Gabriel informing Prophet Muhammad of Abu Sufyan’s plan and how the Prophet tested the Muslims’ resolve

– The prophet’s aunt in Mecca having a vision of a calamity affecting the Meccans

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2-iBIU2c3Ms&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[34] Marriage of Ali and Fatima

Imam Ali and Lady Fatima got married in the 2nd year AH. This lecture covers:

– Lady Fatima’s age at marriage (Shia vs Sunni views)

– The people who unsuccessfully proposed to Fatima (and their reactions to the rejection)

– Imam Ali’s bridal gift for Lady Fatima

– Their valima (the wedding feast)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zg1x0xfwiK8&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com

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[33] The Caravan Raids

This lecture covers how the prophet changed Yathrib’s name to Medina, the rise of hypocrisy in Medina as political expediency caused people to convert without having any Islamic conviction, the first time Muslims were given permission to fight and why it was granted, and the first five military expeditions of the Muslims.

Practical Lessons:

1. No victory comes with ease. Even prophets must sacrifice, face challenges, and fail before attaining victory.

2. God isn’t biased towards Muslims. When Muslims violated the sanctity of the sacred months, they were condemned.

3. Lead by example

4. Stick with your pledges.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AmX5uGS4ihs&amplist=PLpkB0iwLgfTat-Pgh4W3WFmupPamiC9UT

Podcast version: podcast.lifeofprophetmuhammad.com